Charles II. Charles II, King of Spain, known among Spanish kings as "The Desired" and "The Bewitched", was the son of Philip IV by his second marriage with Maria, daughter of the emperor Ferdinand III, his niece. King Charles II of Spain by Juan Carreño de Miranda . This is the age of magnificent courtly display. The information contained in the cookies is not used to identify you personally. They had fifteen children: Generations are numbered by male-line descent from the first archdukes. As part of his policy of rapprochement with France he negotiated a marriage for Charles with the French princess Marie Louise of Orléans. He was a member of the House of Habsburg. His realm included Southern Netherlands and Spain's overseas empire, stretching from the Americas to the Spanish East Indies. He was the last of the Spanish Habsburg line. The Habsburgs trace their origins to the Habsburg Castle in modern-day Switzerland. Also known as “the Bewitched” or “El Hechizado,” Charles II is mostly remembered for his ill-health that led to his death at the age of 38, without any heir. Some of the most well known Habsburgs include emperor Ferdinand I, Charles II of Spain, Empress Maria Therese and Marie Antoinette. Charles II was the last Spanish ruler from the House of Habsburg. In practice, this resulted in tolerance towards Protestantism. Charles II of Spain was born November 6, 1661 and became king in 1665 at the tender young age of four. https://www.habsburger.net/en/chapter/charles-ii-last-spanish-habsburg, Hamann, Brigitte (Hg. He was a member of the House of Habsburg. But the final Habspurg king of Spain, Charles II, was perhaps the most unfortunate result of these unions. It was built from 1587 onwards by Alessandro de Verda and completed by Sebastiano Carlone by 1612. Charles II’s father and mother were closely related: Philip IV was … Wikipedia. Charles II was the last Spanish ruler from the House of Habsburg. However, Juan José also misused the king as an instrument for his ambitions. Note the prominent jaw. King Charles II of Spain was the last in the Habsburg line and one of the most afflicted with the facial deformity. by Taylor & Francis. Charles II, King of Spain, known among Spanish kings as "The Desired" and "The Bewitched", was the son of Philip IV by his second marriage with Maria, daughter of the emperor Ferdinand III, his niece. Ferdinand was born on March 10 1503, in Alcala de Henares, Castellón, Espagna. While there had been indicators that the Habsburg line was beginning to deteriorate biologically, not every chil… Charles (b. Graz, 17 July 1579 – d. Graz, 17 May 1580). View gallery - 5 images. Was Charles II the worst affected? Royal inbreeding extinguished the Spanish Habsburg dynasty which ended with the death of King Charles II … 39. The Habsburg line had perished with the death of Charles VI but, with a sleight of title, Maria Theresa gave it a second life that would carry the Habsburgs into the 20th century. Water on the Brain… Operation! After Charles II Of Spain Died In 1700, His Autopsy Revealed Some Truly Astonishing Results. Adding to your cart. Until the 18th century, this method worked quite well. Read biographical notes and explore the historical context. … His mother ruled as a regent for 10 years until Charles was a teenager. Unlike his brother, Emperor Maximilian II, Charles was a religious Catholic and promoted the Counter-Reformation, e.g. In 1573, Charles founded the Akademisches Gymnasium in Graz, the oldest secondary school in Styria. Franz von Innerösterreich) (3 June 1540 – 10 July 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola, Carinthia and Gorizia) from 1564. Charles’ mother, meanwhile, was Phillip’s second wife, Mariana of Austria, whom the king had married in 1646. Charles II of Spain was the last ruler of the Habsburg dynasty, a powerful dynasty that destroyed itself through inbreeding. King Charles II of Spain was the last in the Habsburg line and one of the most afflicted with the facial deformity. After eventually attaining his majority in 1675, he came under the influence of his half-brother Juan José, who following his return to court from exile had deprived the dowager queen’s party of its power and assumed the regency by force of arms. Under Leopold I work starts on the rebuilding of Schönbrunn Palace and on additions to the Hofburg in Vienna. Charles II Francis of Austria (German: Karl II. The House of Habsburg was one of Europe's most powerful royal dynasties ever lived yet their descendants still live today. He is regarded as a grotesque reflection of Spain’s decline and a prototypical product of dynastic inbreeding. Collected themes - browse stories and anecdotes from the history of the Habsburg Monarchy. Cookies are a technical feature necessary for the basic functions of the website. Charles’s reign opened with a 10-year regency under the queen mother, during which the government was preoccupied with combatting the ambitions of the … He is regarded as a grotesque reflection of Spain’s decline and a prototypical product of dynastic inbreeding. The Habsburgs were notorious for marrying cousins, uncles, aunts, whatever, to keep power within their family. It was only after forceful persuasion by his mother that he was induced to sign it. A sketch of King Charles II. Franz von Innerösterreich) (3 June 1540 – 10 July 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola, Carinthia and Gorizia) from 1564. Sign in to check out Check out as guest . Royal inbreeding extinguished the Spanish Habsburg dynasty which ended with the death of King Charles II … Habsburg Spain dissolved on November 1, 1700, following the death of its last, and probably the most infamous, ruler of all: Charles II of Spain. A new report at Smithsonian takes a look back at one of the most distinctive features of a royal family that once ruled much of Europe over the course of several centuries. The Habsburgs were once … Habsburg versus the Sun King; Charles … Successor and son of second marriage of King Philip IV. Habsburg Empire Threatend. During his lifetime Charles ran a vast and powerful kingdom, although he will be remembered as the last ruler of Habsburg Spain and the one with very severe health difficulties due to several generations of royal inbreeding. Charles II attempted to have a child but was useless, when he died in 1700, Spain had a succession crisis, and the Habsburg dynasty loses it's grip on power over Spain and was replaced by France's Bourbon dynasty. His realm included Southern Netherlands and Spain's overseas empire, stretching from the Americas to the Spanish East Indies. Conceivably as a direct result of these marriages between relatives, infant and child mortality rose to 50% among Spanish Habsburgs, much higher than the average for the period. Getty Images/ Factinate. Disturbingly, by modern standards, intermarriage between blood relatives was commonplace among members of the Habsburg dynasty, who ruled several European kingdoms. But their real rise to power begins in 1273 when Rudolf of Habsburgwas elected King of the Romans and the Kingdom of Germany. Also known as “the Bewitched” or “El Hechizado,” Charles II is mostly remembered for his ill-health that led to his death at the age of 38, without any heir. Charles II was the last Spanish ruler from the House of Habsburg. He was a member of the House of Habsburg. Some of the most well known Habsburgs include emperor Ferdinand I, Charles II of Spain, Empress Maria Therese and Marie Antoinette. He Was the Epitome of Habsburg Inbreeding. The people of Spain had a nickname for him: El Hechizado, which loosely translates as “the … King Charles II, painting by Juan Carreño de Miranda, 1685. Select a period in Habsburg history, from the beginnings of Habsburg rule in the Middle Ages to the collapse of the Monarchy during the First World War. The famous “Habsburg jaw” was a severe underbite; Charles’ was so intense that he could not even close his mouth, not even for eating. In Vienna on 26 August 1571 Charles married his niece Maria Anna of Bavaria. Mariana was also Philip’s niece, and she bore him five children. Charles’s actual condition is difficult to judge from a present-day perspective. The Habsburgs dynasty also known as the House of Austria ruled in Europe for more than 650 years. Archduke Charles II Franz of Austria A native of … But the Habsburg dynasty crumbled like stale bread when Charles II of the Spanish Empire – the last true monarch of the line – was born. You can also find further information in our data protection declaration. While there had been indicators that the Habsburg line was beginning to deteriorate biologically, not every chi… Wikipedia. The famous “Habsburg jaw” was a severe underbite; Charles’ was so intense that he … (Portrait of Charles II of Spain by Juan Carreño de Miranda, c. The inbreeding coefficient of the Spanish Habsburg kings increased strongly along generations from 0.025 for king Philip I, the founder of the dynasty, to 0.254 for Charles II and several members of the dynasty had inbreeding coefficients higher than 0.20. As the Inner Austrian line had to bear the major burden of the wars against the Turks, the fortress of Karlstadt/Karlovac in Croatia was founded in 1579 and named after him. The political area referred to as Spain was, in fact… First study to indicate a direct relationship between inbreeding and facial morphology. A portrait (by Juan Carreño de Miranda) of Charles II, the last of the Spanish Habsburg kings, and his father, Philip IV (painted by Diego Velázquez, of whom the king was a patron). 40. His behaviour was marked by imbecility and infantilism; for example, he loved counting things, an activity from which he derived great pleasure and reassurance. By the time Charles II was born in 1661, his genome was equivalent to that of a child born to direct siblings. The prince was a sorry spectacle, and his feeble health caused the family to fear for his life. In the superstitious beliefs of the time, his pitiable condition and physical deformity were interpreted by some as evidence of bewitchment. Monarch of Spain. Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania, Maria Maddalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich", Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Charles, called The Bold, duke of Burgundy", "Ferdinand V. of Castile and Leon and II. These cookies are never used for purposes other than specified here. As with all other royal families of the time, the Habsburgs engaged in strategic marriages to consol… The abortive attempts made to cure him by his physicians were accompanied by occult practices and exorcisms performed by priests. Charles II Franz of Austria (June 3, 1540 – July 10, 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola, Carinthia and Gorizia) from 1564. In particular, the composer Orlando di Lasso was one of his protégés, as was the music theorist Lodovico Zacconi.